Situated at the confluence of Shexian, Yixian and Xiuning counties, Huangshan Mountain covers an area of about 1,200 square km, the highlights of which occupy 154 square km. It is a landform typical of Mesozoic granite. Its highest peak, the Lotus Peak, rises 1,864 km above sea level.
Officially designated as one of China's top 10 scenic spots, it has charmed countless number of tourists from home and abroad. Huangshan Mountain can be regarded as an amalgamation of all the merits of other mountains: grand, steep, picturesque, and with a rich cultural heritage. Xu Xiake, a well-known geographer of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), once said, "When I have visited Huangshan Mountain, I don't even wish to visit others."
Blessed with a mild climate, Huangshan Mountain presents different scenery in four seasons. Its "four major marvels" are the uniquely shaped pines, oddly-shaped rocks, seas of clouds and hot springs, all of which are well known both inside and outside China. The abundant remains of glaciers and water resources, a geological structure unique to Huangshan Mountain, have produced such natural wonders as the Kuzhu Brook, Xiaoyao Brook, Renzi Waterfall, Baizhang Spring, and Jiulong Waterfall.In addition, thanks to a complicated natural environment, Huangshan Mountain has a well-balanced ecosystem, thus becoming renowned as "a natural zoo and a botanical garden extremely rich in plant varieties".